Poverty rates are highest for Latino, African American, and Asian residents of San Leandro, among whom roughly one in eight are below the poverty level. Asians comprise the largest number in poverty (an estimated 3,335), followed by Latinos (estimated at just under 3,000). While the poverty rate of white residents is just over half the rate for Latino and African American residents, whites are the third-largest group of San Leandro residents in poverty (estimated at just over 1,400).
San Leandro children under 18 have the highest poverty rate among age groups (13.8%) and elders age 65 and over have the lowest poverty rate (8.2%). Children under 18 are the second-largest age group among people below the poverty level at just over 2,500, while the largest group of people in poverty are neither children nor elders, but adults ages 35-64 (nearly 3,700 people).
Although seniors have the lowest poverty rate among age groups, three groups of San Leandro seniors are particularly vulnerable:
- Senior renters, who face high rates of housing-cost burden and are vulnerable to food insecurity
- Seniors who speak Asian languages (most commonly Cantonese, Tagalog, and Vietnamese) or Spanish at home, the majority of whom speak English less than very well
- Grandparents raising their grandchildren, who comprise 7% of San Leandro’s households with children, and are particularly likely to face financial hardships
The federal poverty guidelines do not take into account regional variations in the cost of living, so the poverty rate understates the extent to which people in high-cost regions like the Bay Area are struggling to make ends meet. According to the Self-Sufficiency Standard for Alameda County, in 2014 a family with two parents working full time with one preschooler and one school-aged child would need an income of $63,979 to adequately meet its basic needs, 268% of the Federal Poverty Guidelines ($23,850 for a family of four). An estimated 30% of San Leandro residents had income below 200% of the poverty level 2011-2015.
We also identified other populations facing human services gaps in San Leandro and these include:
- People with disabilities
- Homeless families
- Young children
- Transition-age youth
See the full report for a more on vulnerable populations in San Leandro, as well as an analysis of gaps in human services and policy recommendations.